Capitals: No official capital exists, but Bern operates as the de facto. Lausanne serves as the country’s judicial center.
Time zone: Central European Time (GMT+1), Central European Summer Time (GMT+2 Daylight Savings)
Airports: Switzerland’s largest airport, Zurich Airport (ZRH), is serviced by major airlines. Geneva Airport (GVA), accessible from Switzerland and France, has flights to European destinations and some long-haul routes. EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg (BSL) is a tri-national airport mainly served by flights to European destinations. Bern (BRN), St. Gallen-Altenrhein (ACH), Lugano (LUG), and Sion (SIR) Airports between them offer short-haul, seasonal, and charter flights.
Currency: Swiss Franc (CHF)
Fun fact: The average Swiss person consumes 26 pounds of chocolate per year.
Why Switzerland Should Be Your Next Adventure
Are you ready to embark on a journey through a land where pristine nature meets rich culture, and where Swiss precision extends beyond watches to breathtaking landscapes? Switzerland, with its stunning Alps, crystal-clear lakes, medieval old towns, and delectable chocolate and cheese, is calling your name. But before you pack your bags, let’s explore the best times to visit this European gem.
Best Times to Experience Switzerland’s Charm
Spring: Picture yourself hiking along low-elevation trails through enchanting forests, past dramatic gorges, waterfalls, and serene lakes. For an unforgettable experience, hop on the Glacier Express panoramic train and traverse the awe-inspiring Alps. Don’t miss Basel’s lively three-day carnival, Basler Fasnacht.
Summer: The summer season unlocks the beauty of Switzerland’s mountain areas, with most resorts open from July onwards. If you’re a music enthusiast, the Montreux Jazz Festival on the banks of Lake Geneva is a must-visit. Join the entire nation in celebrating Swiss National Day (August 1) with bonfires and fireworks.
Autumn: Embrace the flavors of Switzerland at Lucerne’s Cheese Festival, where you can savor regional Swiss cheeses. Witness the start of the grape harvest in Neuchâtel during the lively Grape Harvest Festival (Fête des Vendanges). Foodies will relish the Food Zurich festival, featuring food tours, markets, and culinary events.
Winter: Switzerland’s mountain resorts transform into a winter wonderland for sports enthusiasts. Immerse yourself in the Grindelwald Snow Festival, where international artists carve huge blocks of snow. Experience the magic of Christmas markets with mulled wine and twinkling lights.
Exploring Switzerland: A Map for Adventure
Lay of the Land
Cities: Explore Bern’s old town with its extensive medieval shopping arcades. Zurich offers a blend of style and culinary delights, while Basel serves as the gateway to Alpine skiing. Geneva boasts cosmopolitan charm and high-end watchmaking. Lugano invites you to Mediterranean-style squares and sub-tropical gardens, while car-free Chur exudes the charm of Switzerland’s oldest city.
Central: Lakeside Lucerne is famous for its 14th-century wooden bridge, while Lake Zug beckons with picturesque spots for summer swimming and watersports. Engelberg-TITLIS ski resort offers some of the country’s best slopes, complete with the world’s first revolving cable car.
Northeast: Discover family-friendly Thurgau, where you can camp on the shores of Lake Constance and explore meadows, orchards, and forests. Don’t miss the UNESCO World Heritage site, the Carolingian Abbey of St. Gall.
East: Immerse yourself in the Swiss National Park (Parc Naziunal Svizzer) and spot ibexes, marmots, and golden eagles. Grisons’ Alpine resorts offer a snow-filled paradise, from snowboarding to horse-drawn sleigh rides. Exclusive St. Moritz awaits with world-class pistes, luxury shopping, and high-end dining.
South: Indulge in Mediterranean-style architecture and gelato in Italian-speaking Ascona on Lake Maggiore. Hike through Valais’ vineyards and learn about local wines at the Musée du Vin. Take a cable car to the Eggishorn viewpoint for breathtaking views of the Great Aletsch Glacier. High-altitude Alpine resorts like Zermatt and Verbier guarantee a snowy adventure.
West: Explore Lausanne’s Olympic Museum, housing the world’s largest archive of modern Olympic artifacts. Savor diverse wines in the Vaud wine region and visit the medieval hilltop castle in the peaceful town of Gruyères. Don’t forget to indulge in Gruyère cheese. The subalpine Jura Mountains straddle the Swiss-French border, offering picturesque vistas.
North: Zurich and Winterthur serve as bases to witness Europe’s largest waterfall. Art enthusiasts will find joy in Art Basel, the prestigious contemporary art fair. For tranquility, the Aargau-Solothurn region offers thermal baths to unwind.
By Train: Switzerland’s train network is a traveler’s dream—safe, clean, and efficient. Mainline trains are primarily run by Swiss Federal Railways (SBB in German, CFF in French, and FFS in Italian), while local and regional routes are covered by private operators. You can easily purchase tickets at bahn.com, and the best part is that domestic journeys don’t require advance booking, and most trains don’t need reservations. Consider getting a good-value rail pass from the Switzerland Travel Centre for an even more convenient journey.
By Car: If you prefer the open road, Switzerland’s motorway network includes the A1 (east-west) and A2 (north-south). Just remember to get a vignette (road tax) to drive on the motorway. In winter, equip your vehicle with winter tires, especially in Alpine regions. And yes, driving in Switzerland is on the right side of the road.
By Plane: While domestic flights exist, Switzerland is so compact that flying is often unnecessary. The beauty of this country can best be appreciated by land.
By Bus: If you’re on a budget, consider taking a ride with Flixbus, which offers several domestic routes.
Essential Tips for Your Swiss Adventure
Hours: Keep in mind that, except for airports, train stations, and gas stations, most stores are closed on Sundays. Additionally, some stores, restaurants, and attractions may also close on public holidays, but Switzerland doesn’t come to a standstill in August like some other parts of Europe.
Languages: Switzerland is a multilingual wonderland with four national languages. German is the most widely spoken, followed by French in the west, Italian in the southeast, and Rumantsch in the east.
LGBTQ+: Switzerland welcomes all, as same-sex marriage is legal, and transgender and intersex individuals can adjust their legal name and gender marker by self-declaration. Cities like Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Bern, and Lausanne are known for their LGBTQ+ scenes, and Pride events are celebrated in major cities and even some smaller towns. For a queer-friendly skiing experience, explore destinations like Zermatt, Lenzerheide, and Arosa.
Tipping: While not obligatory, it’s customary to round up the bill or leave approximately a 10 percent tip.
Sustainable Travel in Switzerland
Outdoors: To minimize your impact on the environment, explore natural landscapes outside of peak seasons. Enjoy the beauty of spring flowers and colorful fall foliage. Stick to designated hiking and cycling trails, keep noise levels down, and carry your trash with you. If you plan to camp, use designated campsites or check with local authorities before wild camping. SwitzerlandMobility can help you choose hiking trails that align with public transport.
Shopping: Support sustainability by browsing flea markets in Zurich, Basel, and Geneva for vintage clothing, jewelry, books, and antiques. Look for Swiss-made souvenirs in stores like Schweizer Heimatwerk in Bern and Kolorit in St. Gallen. Additionally, explore small-scale cheese dairies, wineries, and purchase chocolate from independent makers like Garçoa and Taucherli, known for their fully traceable, organic, fair-trade bars.
Dining: Switzerland offers a variety of vegetarian and vegan restaurants. In Zurich, you’ll find what’s reputed to be the world’s oldest vegetarian restaurant. Look for the Swisstainable logo, indicating restaurants committed to sustainable practices. Enjoy regional and seasonal produce, and don’t forget to bring a reusable water bottle to fill up at any tap, as Switzerland’s drinking water is safe and clean.
“Swiss History in a Nutshell” by Grégoire Nappey: A concise summary of Switzerland’s most important historical events.
“Heidi” by Johanna Spyri: This heartwarming tale of an orphan living with her grandfather in the Alps contributed to Switzerland’s romantic image worldwide.
“Swiss Watching: Inside the Land of Milk and Honey” by Diccon Bewes: Explore Switzerland beyond its stereotypes, from banking to skiing, chocolate, and cheese.
If you’re ready for an adventure that blends natural beauty, cultural richness, and delectable treats, Switzerland is the place to be. From the majestic Alps to the charming cities and sustainable practices, Switzerland offers a treasure trove of experiences waiting to be discovered. So, pack your bags and get ready to explore this enchanting country!
Note: For an in-depth exploration of Switzerland’s iconic railways, consider joining National Geographic’s expert-led journey along the Glacier Express, Gornergrat Bahn, and Bernina Express.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Switzerland Travel
Q: What are the best times to visit Switzerland?
A: The best times to visit Switzerland are:
- Spring: Ideal for hiking, scenic train rides, and experiencing Basel’s carnival.
- Summer: Perfect for exploring mountain areas, enjoying the Montreux Jazz Festival, and celebrating Swiss National Day.
- Autumn: Great for savoring Swiss cheeses, joining grape harvest festivities, and culinary events at Food Zurich.
- Winter: A paradise for winter sports enthusiasts and a magical time to visit Christmas markets.
Q: What are some must-visit cities in Switzerland?
A: Switzerland offers a variety of cities to explore, including:
- Bern: Known for its medieval shopping arcades.
- Zurich: A stylish city with a thriving food scene and vibrant nightlife.
- Basel: The gateway to Alpine skiing and a cultural hotspot.
- Geneva: A cosmopolitan capital of high-end watchmaking.
- Lugano: Offers Mediterranean-style squares and sub-tropical gardens.
- Chur: Switzerland’s oldest car-free city with a charming atmosphere.
Q: How is transportation in Switzerland?
A: Getting around Switzerland is convenient:
- By Train: The Swiss train network is efficient, clean, and safe. Mainline trains are operated by Swiss Federal Railways (SBB).
- By Car: Switzerland has a well-connected motorway network, but remember to get a vignette for motorway use.
- By Plane: Domestic flights are quick but often unnecessary due to Switzerland’s small size.
- By Bus: Low-cost Flixbus offers various domestic routes.
Q: What languages are spoken in Switzerland?
A: Switzerland has four national languages: German, French, Italian, and Rumantsch, depending on the region.
Q: Is Switzerland LGBTQ+ friendly?
A: Yes, Switzerland is LGBTQ+ friendly, with same-sex marriage being legal and inclusive policies in place. Major cities like Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Bern, and Lausanne have vibrant LGBTQ+ scenes and host Pride events.
Q: How can I travel sustainably in Switzerland?
A: To travel sustainably in Switzerland:
- Explore natural landscapes outside peak seasons.
- Stick to designated hiking and cycling trails and carry your trash.
- Shop at flea markets for vintage items and support local artisans.
- Dine at restaurants with the Swisstainable logo, emphasizing sustainability.
- Use a reusable water bottle as tap water is safe and clean.
Q: Any recommended books about Switzerland?
A: Some recommended books about Switzerland include:
- “Swiss History in a Nutshell” by Grégoire Nappey
- “Heidi” by Johanna Spyri
- “Swiss Watching: Inside the Land of Milk and Honey” by Diccon Bewes